Walt Crawford

[This is a partial vita. A complete, more current vita is available in PDF form here]


October 2007-March 2010

Editorial Director
Library Leadership Network


July 2006-September 2007

Systems Analyst
July 2006-present

OCLC-RLG integration/transition work, including maintenance of internal and customer reports, advice on Eureka integration.

June 1979-June 2006

Senior Analyst (and other titles)
September 1995-June 2006

Investigate, design, and manage access-related services and digital initiatives. Primary recent projects: reports coordinator and designer, Eureka on the Web (designer, was service manager), OpenURL. Conduct research and analysis to support new services, service enhancement, marketing, and outreach efforts. Extensive transaction analysis.

Senior Analyst
September 1986-August 1995

Analyze and develop library-related applications with emphasis on user-interface design. Recent design project: Eureka via Telnet, RLG’s patron-oriented search system. Continuing large-scale MARC analysis and transaction analysis.

Manager, Product Batch Group
April 1981-August 1986

Managed group responsible for developing and maintaining batch systems to support RLG and RLIN: accounting, output products, management information, and special reports.

June 1979-March 1981

Replaced existing product-generation software with new, more stable set of software. Documented and corrected RLG tape production practices.

University of California, Berkeley, General Library
1968-June 1979

Library Systems Office
1972-June 1979

As programmer/analyst and senior programmer/ analyst, analyzed, developed and documented batch and online library support systems.

Circulation Department

Designed and implemented circulation system to accommodate UC Berkeley’s five call number systems within a single filing sequence for circulated items.


Awards and Honors

Who's Who in America, 2001-2004. (Marquis Who's Who.) Who's Who in Science and Engineering , 2005-2006

Gale Group Online Excellence in Information Authorship Award for "Paper Persists: Why Physical Library Collections Still Matter," 1998.

ALCTS/Blackwell Scholarship Award for Future Libraries: Dreams, Madness & Reality, 1997. (Award shared with Michael Gorman.)

LITA/Library Hi Tech Award for Outstanding Communication for Continuing Education in Library and Information Science, 1995.

Professional Activity (selected)

American Library Association
Library and Information Technology Association (LITA)

Member since 1975

LITA Publications Committee: Chair, 2008-2009

LITA Top Technology Trends: "Trendspotter," 1999-2005

LITA Vice-President/President-Elect, 1991-1992; President, 1992-1993; Past President, 1993-1994

LITA Executive Committee: member, 1990-1994

LITA Board of Directors: director-at-large, 1988-1991

Information Technology and Libraries: member, Editorial Board, 1994-1995, 1999-2002

LITA Newsletter: editor, 1985-1994

Programmer/Analysts Discussion Group: founded, 1981; chair, 1981-1983

RTSD/LITA/RASD Machine-Readable Bibliographic Information Committee [MARBI]: RLG liaison, 1980-1987; LITA appointee to committee, 1985-1987

Technical Standards for Library Automation Committee (TESLA): Observer/participant, 1975-1978; member, 1978-1982; chair, 1980-1981

National Information Standards Organization (NISO)

Information Standards Quarterly; founding editor, 1989-1991


American Libraries: contributing editor, 1999-2001

Network Advisory Council: RLG representative, 1994-1996

Library Hi Tech: editorial board, 1986-2000

Blog, Walt at Random, 2005- (http://walt.lishost.org)

Publications and Speeches

Each group in reverse chronological order. Job-related speaking and writing omitted.


Gold Open Access and Diamond OA series: Annuals, SPARC-sponsored, starting in 2016: see PDF vita for full list

The Gold OA Landscape 2011-2014, 2015

Beyond the Damage: Circulation, Coverage and Staffing. 2014 (pbk.)

Your Library Is…: A Collection of Public Library Sayings. 2013 (pbk.)

$4 to $1: Public Library Benefits and Budgets, vol. 1. 2013. ISBN 978-1-304-35588-1 (pbk.)

The inCompleat Give Us a Dollar… 2013 (pbk).

The Compleat Give Us a Dollar, vol. 1 & 2 2013 (ebook).

The Big Deal and the Damage Done
. 2013. Paperback, available at www.lulu.com

Give Us a Dollar and We’ll Give You Back Four (2012-2013). 2013. Paperback, available at www.lulu.com

The Librarian’s Guide to Micropublishing. Medford, NJ: Information Today, 2012. ISBN 978-1-57387-430-4 (pbk.)

Open Access: What You Need to Know Now. Chicago: ALA Editions, 2011. ISBN 978-0-8389-1106-8 (pbk.)

The Liblog Landscape 2007-2010. 2010. Paperback, available at www.lulu.com

But Still They Blog: The Liblog Landscape 2007-2009. 2009. Paperback, available at www.lulu.com/waltcrawford

The Liblog Landscape 2007-2008: A Lateral Look. 2008. Paperback, available at www.lulu.com/waltcrawford and Amazon

Balanced Libraries: Thoughts on Continuity and Change. 2007. Paperback, available at www.lulu.com/waltcrawford and Amazon

First Have Something to Say: Writing for the Library Profession. Chicago: ALA Editions, 2003. ISBN 0-8389-0851-9 (pbk.)

Being Analog: Creating Tomorrow’s Libraries. Chicago and London: ALA Editions, 1999. ISBN 0-8389-0754-7 (pbk.)

Crawford, Walt, and Michael Gorman. Future Libraries: Dreams, Madness, & Reality. Chicago and London: ALA Editions, 1995. ISBN 0-8389-0647-8 (pbk.)

The Online Catalog Book: Essays and Examples. Professional Librarian Series. New York: G.K. Hall, 1992. ISBN 0-8161-1996-1. ISBN 0-8161-1995-3 (pbk.)

The Catalog Collection. Chicago: LITA (distributor), 1992. ISBN 0-8389-7594-1. Published by arrangement with G.K. Hall. Out of print: limited edition.

Technical Standards: An Introduction for Librarians, Second Edition. Professional Librarian Series. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1991. ISBN 0-8161-1951-1. ISBN 0-8161-1950-3 (pbk.)

Desktop Publishing for Librarians. Professional Librarian Series. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1990. ISBN 0-8161-1929-5. ISBN 0-8161-1930-9 (pbk.)

MARC for Library Use, Second Edition: Understanding Integrated USMARC. Professional Librarian Series. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1989. ISBN 0-8161-1887-6. ISBN 0-8161-1889-2 (pbk.)

Current Technologies in the Library: An Informal Overview. Professional Librarian Series. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1988. ISBN 0-8161-1886-8. ISBN 0-8161-1888-4 (pbk.)

Patron Access: Issues for Online Catalogs. Professional Librarian Series. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1987. ISBN 0-8161-1850-7. ISBN 0-8161-1852-3 (pbk.)

Bibliographic Displays in the Online Catalog. (with Lennie Stovel and Kathleen Bales) Professional Librarian Series. White Plains, NY: Knowledge Industry Publications, 1986. ISBN 0-86729-198-2 (pbk.)

Common Sense Personal Computing: A Handbook for Professionals. Ann Arbor, MI: Pierian Press, 1986. ISBN 0-87650-218-4 (pbk.)

Technical Standards: An Introduction for Librarians. Professional Librarian Series. White Plains, NY: Knowledge Industry Publications, 1986. ISBN 0-86729-192-3. ISBN 0-86729-191-5 (pbk.)

MARC for Library Use: Understanding the USMARC Formats. Professional Librarian Series. White Plains, NY: Knowledge Industry Publications, 1984. ISBN 0-86729-120-6. ISBN 0-86720-119-2 (pbk.)

Speeches (selected)

“The Librarian’s Guide to Micropublishing.” Speech, WLA/OLA Joint Conference, Vancouver, WA. April 26, 2013 [Invited]

“Give Us a Dollar and We’ll Give You Back Four.” Speech, WLA/OLA Joint Conference, Vancouver, WA. April 25, 2013 [Invited]

“Open Access: What You Need to Know Now.” Preconference, WLA/OLA Joint Conference, Vancouver, WA. April 24, 2013 [Invited]

"The Storied Library." Speech, "Get the Word Out," PLA program, ALA, Anaheim, CA. June 29, 2008. [Invited]

"Balanced Libraries: Books, bytes and Web 2.0." Speech, Texas Library Association, Dallas, TX. April 16, 2008. [Invited]

"Web-based Library Services: A Discussion" (with Sarah Houghton-Jan). Keynote, Washington Library Association, Kennewick, WA. April 19, 2007. [Invited]

"What's Your Story--and Why Should They Care?" ACRL NY Symposium, New York, NY. December 1, 2006. [Invited]

"Digital Content: Access, Changes and Progress." California Library Association, San Jose, CA. November 15, 2004. [Invited]

"Is Free Too Expensive? Open Access and Libraries." Charleston Conference, Charleston, SC. November 5, 2004. [Invited]

"OpenURL Basics." Technology for the Rest of Us, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH. May 25, 2004. [Invited]

"Tradition and Transition: Some Notes on Survivable Libraries." Keynote, Army Library Institute, Kansas City, MO. April 7, 2004. [Invited]

"The Flexible Evolving Library: Complex Services for Diverse Communities." Rock Valley Community college, Rockford, IL. March 25, 2004. [Invited]

"Books and Beyond: Evolving Libraries and Media." Ogilvie Lecture, North Carolina Library Association Biennial Conference. Winston-Salem, NC. September 25, 2003. [Invited]

"Copyright Out of Whack." Speech, Washington Library Association Annual Conference. Yakima, WA. April 10, 2003. [Invited]

"Finding Ways that Work" (keynote) and two other speeches, Alaska Library Association Annual Conference. Juneau, AK. March 7-9, 2003. [Invited]

"Plausible Futures: Finding the Ways that Work." Keynote, University of Tennessee School of Information Science 30th Anniversary Celebration. Knoxville, TN. September 14, 2002. [Invited]

"Change, Continuity, Perspective: Where Do We Go From Here?" Keynote, SOLINET Annual Membership Meeting. Atlanta, GA. May 2, 2002. [Invited]

"Where Do We Go from Here?" Closing remarks, Illinois ACRL Spring Conference. Oak Brook, IL: April 5, 2002. [Invited]

"The View from Here: Thinking about Libraries and Technology." Keynote, DRA Users' Group Conference. St. Louis, MO: March 3, 2002 [Invited]

"Finding the Ways that Work." Speech, Kentucky Library Association Annual Conference. Owensboro, KY: October 18, 2001. [Invited]

"Changing Attitudes: Moving from .Com to Community." Keynote, Florida Library Association Annual Conference. Orlando, FL: April 11, 2001. [Invited]

"Building from Strength: Informal Notes on Desirable Library Futures." Speech, Wisconsin Library Association Annual Conference. Green Bay, WI: November 3, 2000. [Invited]

"Moving Beyond Information: Musings on Libraries and Meaning." Keynote, Colorado Library Association Annual Conference. Snowmass, CO: September 16, 2000. [Invited]

"DVD Today and Tomorrow." Keynote, "Byting Into Video: DVD and NetworkVideo Delivery." ACRL program, ALA Annual Conference. Chicago, IL: July 8, 2000. [Invited]

"The Future Impact of the World Wide Web on Libraries and Archives." Keynote, "Digital Reality II: Preserving Our Electronic Heritage." Boston, MA: June 5, 2000. [Invited]

"The Future is Not What it Used to Be." Program, Connecticut Library Association Annual Conference. Cromwell, CT: April 18, 2000. [Invited]

"Mission, Media and Users: Coping with a Complex Future." Keynote, New England Technical Services Librarians conference. Worcester, MA: April 14, 2000. [Invited]

"Technology Smorgasbord in the Libraries of the future." Speech, Joint Meeting of the Medical Library Group of Southern California & Arizona and the Northern California and Nevada Medical Library Group. San Diego, CA: February 11, 2000. [Invited]

"Complex Libraries: Assuring the Long Collection." Colloquium, Wayne State University Library & Information Science Program. Detroit, MI: November 9, 1999. [Invited]

"Complex Libraries, Complex Systems: Creating Tomorrow's Libraries Through Shared Understanding." Keynote, Michigan Library Association Annual Conference. Dearborn, MI: November 5, 1999. [Invited]

"Choices and Context: Thinking About Technology and Media." Keynote, Access '99. Guelph, Ontario: October 26, 1999. [Invited]

"Millennial Libraries: Media and Meaning," Keynote, International Association of Marine and Aquatic Science Libraries and Information Centers (IAMSLIC) 25th Anniversary Meeting. Woods Hole, MA: October 18, 1999. [Invited]

"Service in a Complex Future." Johannah Sherrer Memorial Lecture, Lewis & Clark College. Portland, OR: September 10, 1999. [Invited]

"...And We Call Them Libraries." Speech, Congressional Information Services/GODORT Breakfast, ALA Annual Conference. New Orleans, LA: June 27, 1999. [Invited]

"Why Paper Persists." Final session in School for Scanning. New Orleans, LA: December 9, 1998 [Invited]

"Now What? Creating Tomorrow’s Complex Libraries." Keynote, "The Electronic Library: Reality Check": Florida ACRL Chapter Fall Conference. Cocoa Beach, FL: November 6, 1998. [Invited]

"Being Analog: The Physical Library on Tomorrow’s Campus." Tech Tea Time talk, Michigan Technological University. Houghton, MI: September 30, 1998. [Invited]

"Digital Where Preferable: Sensible Futures for Academic Libraries." Keynote, "Electronic Resources: the Promise and the Reality": ACRL Western New York/Ontario Chapter Spring Conference. Fairport, NY: April 24, 1998. [Invited]

"Change, Continuity and Context: Building Tomorrow’s Libraries." Keynote, "Managing Change: People and Technology": Sixth Western New York Library Resources Council conference. Amherst, NY: April 23, 1998. [Invited]

"Evolution, Not Revolution: Building Tomorrow’s Libraries." Program, Texas Library Association Annual Conference. San Antonio, TX. April 3, 1998. [Invited]

"Future Libraries: Nearing the Millennium." Keynote, "Creating tomorrow today: can you imagine": 1997 Public Libraries Section and Reference and Information Service Section (of the Australian Library and Information Association) Conference. Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. November 10, 1997. [Invited]

"Media, Context and Complexity: Toward Effective Millennial Libraries." Keynote, "Content in Context": Sixth Annual Long Island Library Resources Council Conference on Libraries and the Future. Oakdale, New York. October 24, 1997. [Invited]

"Tomorrow’s Librarians: Thriving on Complexity." Keynote, Potomac Technical Processing Librarians 73rd Annual Conference. Washington, DC. October 17, 1997. [Invited]

"MAPS for Millennial Libraries: Media, Access, Place and Service." Keynote, Minnesota Educational Media Organization and Minnesota Library Association Annual Conference. Bloomington, MN. October 3, 1997. [Invited]

"Millennial Librarians: Coping with Complexity." Keynote, Simmons College Graduate School of Library & Information Science Alumni Day. Boston, Massachusetts. May 15, 1997. [Invited]

"Dancing with…Change: Day Two: A Survivor’s Guide to Using Electronic Resources and Services Intelligently." Panelist in 300-site teleconference originating from College of DuPage, Glen Ellyn, Illinois. April 4, 1997. [Invited]

"Millennial Reference Librarianship: Avoiding Disintermediation, Disorientation and Disinformation." Keynote, North Suburban Library System Reference Librarians Association, Arlington Heights, Illinois. April 3, 1997. [Invited]

"Millennial Libraries: Maintaining the Mix and Avoiding the Hype." Keynote, Military Librarians Workshop. Annapolis, Maryland. November 20, 1996. [Invited]

"To Serve and Preserve: Creating Tomorrow’s Academic Libraries." Keynote, Academic Librarians Association of Ohio 1996 Annual Conference. Columbus, Ohio. November 1, 1996. [Invited]

"Millennial Libraries: Some Myths and Realities." Closing speech, farewell breakfast, New York Library Association 1996 Annual Conference. Saratoga Springs, New York. October 27, 1996. [Invited]

"Future Public Libraries: Integrating Technology with Traditional Service Values." Program for Public Library Association, Metropolitan Library Section. American Library Association 1996 Annual Conference. New York. July 8, 1996. [Invited]

"Myths and Media: Working Toward Extended Libraries." Keynote, Maryland Library Association 1996 Annual Conference. Hagerstown, MD. May 9, 1996. [Invited]

"Being Analog: Building Tomorrow’s Libraries." Keynote, 1996 WLN Library Directors Colloquy. Seattle, WA. May 3, 1996. [Invited]

"Future Libraries, Future Media: Myths and Methods." Theme address (keynote), British Columbia Library Association 1996 Annual Conference. Whistler, BC. April 27, 1996. [Invited]

"Uncommon Knowledge: Mythbreaking for the Future." All-conference speech (keynote), Harvard College Library Conference: "Finding Common Ground: Creating a Library of the Future Without Diminishing the Library of the Past." Cambridge, Mass., March 30-31, 1996. [Invited]

"Electronic Libraries: Dreams, Madness and Reality." Opening keynote, Victorian Association for Library Automation 1996 Biennial Conference, Melbourne, Australia, January 30-February 1, 1996. [Invited]

"Technolust and Tradition: Balancing Books and Bytes." Program, Georgia Library Association, Combined "COMO" 1995 Annual Conference, October 28, 1995, Jekyll Island, GA. [Invited]

"Moving Toward Extended Libraries: Sensible Futures." Keynote, "Through the Star Gate," North Carolina Center for Independent Higher Education, October 25, 1995, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC. [Invited]

"The Life and Death of Print." Northwestern University Library, October 10, 1995, Evanston, IL. [Invited]

"Brother, Can You Paradigm: Tradition and Technology in Tomorrow’s Library." INCOLSA Workshop (sole speaker, discussion leader), September 7, 1995, Plymouth, Indiana & September 8, 1995, Indianapolis, Indiana. [Invited]

"The Future of the Book / The Book of the Future." Keynote for 1995 Southern California Electronic Library Consortium Conference, May 26, 1995, Pasadena, CA [Invited]

"Moving Toward Extended Libraries: Sensible Futures." Keynote for 1995 Spring Conference of the Librarians’ Association at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, March 6, 1995, Chapel Hill, NC. [Invited].

"The Future of Academic Libraries." Speech, Arizona State University Libraries, October 6, 1994; repeated October 7. [Invited] Repeated, with minor modifications, at Trinity University Library (October 31, 1994; invited) and University of Texas, San Antonio Library (November 1, 1994).

"Evolution, Not Revolution: Some Notes on the Life of Print and Future of Libraries." Speech (program), Academic Libraries Caucus, Florida Library Association Annual Conference, May 13, 1994, Orlando, FL. [Invited]

"Libraries With and Without Walls." Keynote speech, Tennessee Library Association Annual Conference, April 29, 1994, Memphis, TN [Invited]

"The Virtual Library: Virtually Impossible." Keynote speech, AMIGOS Fall 1993 Conference, November 11, 1993, Dallas, TX. [Invited]

"Technolust, Terminal Frustration, and Destroying the Library to Save It: Common-Sense Responses to the Projected Death of Print." Speech (program), Nevada Networking and Automation Group, Nevada Library Association Annual Conference, September 30, 1993, Elko, NV. [Invited]

"Partial Solutions to Complex Problems: Electronic Resources, Access and Delivery Tools, and Information Futures." Speech for University Circle, Emory University Libraries, May 18, 1993, Atlanta, GA.

"Knowing Niches, Scratching Itches, and Refuting Inevitability: Coping with the Information Evolution." Keynote, CLSI Eastern Region Users Group Spring Meeting, May 17, 1993, Birmingham, AL. [Invited]

"Dreams, Devices, Niches and Edges: Coping with the Changing Landscape of Information Technology." Keynote, the Ninth Texas Conference on Library Automation, April 3, 1993, Houston, TX. [Invited]

"Surfing, Swimming or Drowning in the Sea of Information: Coping with the Currents of Change." Speech, Library Lecture Series, University of Southern California, February 25, 1993, Los Angeles, CA. [Invited]

"The Death of Print, Xanadu, and Other Nightmares, or, Brother, Can You Paradigm?" Speech (program), Library Automation Round Table, Arizona State Library Association Annual Conference, October 15, 1992, Phoenix, AZ. [Invited]

"The Future OPAC: A Single View on Multiple Databases." Speech, 2nd Annual VTLS Library Directors’ Conference, October 6, 1992, Mountain Lake, VA. [Invited]

"Starting Over: Current Issues in Online Catalog User Interface Design." Keynote, LITA Screen Design Preconference, American Library Association Annual Conference, June 1991, Atlanta, GA. [Invited]

"Technology and Library Resources: Serving Present and Future Patrons." Speech as part of program, California Library Association Annual Conference, November 12, 1989, Oakland, CA. [Invited]

"Microcomputer Choices: Chaos in the Marketplace." Speech as part of program, Online ‘89, November 8, 1989, Chicago, IL.

"User Interface Situations for Online Music Catalogs." Speech as part of preconference on online catalogs, Music Library Association annual conference, March 15, 1989, Cleveland, OH. [Invited]

"The Online Catalog in the Real World." Speech, 25th Clinic on Library Applications of Data Processing, April 19, 1988, Urbana-Champaign, IL. [Invited]

Articles and Columns (selected)

Cites & Insights 19 (2019): 8 issues, 366 pages.

Cites & Insights 18 (2018): 9 issues, 439 pages.

Cites & Insights 17 (2017): 10 issues, 480 pages.

Cites & Insights 16 (2016): 9 issues, 209 pages.

Cites & Insights 15 (2015): 11 issues, 340 pages.

Cites & Insights 14 (2014): 11 issues, 310 pages.

Cites & Insights 13 (2013): 12 issues, 398 pages.

Cites & Insights
12 (2012): 12 issues, 20-58 pages.

Cites & Insights 11 (2011): 9 issues, 18-44 pages.

“Crawford at Large” in Online 35 (2011): six columns.

Cites & Insights 10 (2010): 12 issues, 24-60 pages; index.

"Crawford at Large" in Online 34 (2010): six columns.

Cites & Insights 9 (2009): 13 issues, 28-48 pages; index.

disContent in EContent 32 (2009): five columns.

Crawford at Large" in Online 33 (2009): six columns.

Cites & Insights 8 (2008): 12 issues, 22-36 pages; index.

disContent in EContent 31 (2008): five columns.

"Crawford at Large" in Online 32 (2008): six columns.

Cites & Insights 7 (2007): 13 issues, 22-44 pages; index.

disContent in EContent 30 (2007): five columns.

Cites & Insights 6 (2006): Fourteen issues, 20-32 pages; index.

disContent in EContent 29 (2006): five columns.

PC Monitor in Online 30 (2006): four columns.

"Libraries and Google/Google Book Search: No competiton!" Google Libraries Newsletter June 2006.

Cites & Insights 5 (2005): Fourteen issues, 20-28 pages; index.

disContent in EContent 28 (2005): ten columns.

PC Monitor in Online 29 (2005): three columns.

The Crawford Files in American Libraries 35 (2004): ten columns.

disContent in EContent 27 (2004): ten columns.

PC Monitor in Online 28 (2004): three columns.

Cites & Insights: Crawford at Large 4 (2004): Fourteen issues, 20-26 pages each; index.

The Crawford Files in American Libraries 34 (2003): eleven columns.

disContent in EContent 26 (2003): eleven columns.

PC Monitor in Online 27 (2003): three columns.

Cites & Insights: Crawford at Large 3 (2003): Fourteen issues, 18-20 pages each; index.

The Crawford Files in American Libraries 33 (2002): eleven columns.

disContent in EContent 25 (2002): twelve columns.

PC Monitor in Online 26 (2002): three columns.

Cites & Insights: Crawford at Large 2 (2002): Fifteen issues, 14-20 pages each; index.

"The E-Files: E-newsletters and E-zines: From Current Cites to NewBreed Librarian." American Libraries 32:11 (December 2001): 51-3.

"The E-Files: Library Lists: Building on E-mail." American Libraries 32:10 (November 2001): 56-8.

"The E-Files: 'You Must Read This': Library Weblogs." American Libraries 32:9 (October 2001): 74-6.

"MP3 Audiobooks: A New Library Medium?" American Libraries 32:7 (August 2001): 64-7.

"Exceptional Institutions: Libraries and the Pareto Principle." American Libraries 32:6 (June/July 2001): 72-4.

"Where Have All the CD-ROMs Gone?" American Libraries 32:5 (May 2001): 67-9.

PC Monitor in Online 25 (2001): three columns.

disContent in EContent 24 (2001): ten columns.

Cites & Insights: Crawford at Large 1 (2001): Monthly issues and a 13th Midsummer issue, 14-20 pages each; index

"Talking About Public Access--PACS-L's First Decade" (Guest Editorial) Information Technology and Libraries 19:3 (September 2000): 112-115.

"Nine Models, One Name: Untangling the E-book Muddle." American Libraries 31:8 (September 2000): 56-59.

"The Next Great Library Debate May Be Over Space..." Bookmarks (Southern Oregon University Library) Spring 2000: 2-3.

"Millennial Libraries: Media and Meaning." In IAMSLIC 99: Recasting the Nets. ed. James W. Markham and Andrea L. Duda (Fort Pierce: IAMSLIC, 2000): 5-10.

PC Monitor in Online 24 (2000): three columns.

"Here's the Content--Where's the Context?" American Libraries 31:3 (March 2000): 50-52.

CD-ROM Corner in EContent 23 (2000): six columns.

Crawford's Corner in Library Hi Tech News 17 (2000): Ten pages in each of ten issues.

"From Petroglyphs to CD-ROMs: A Story about Information." American Libraries 31:1 (January 2000): 72-75.

"We Call Them Libraries: What the "L" Word Means to Me." American Libraries 30:10 (November 1999): 38-40.

"Being Analog." Media Spectrum 26:3 (Fall 1999): 32, 34.

"Up to Speed on DVD." American Libraries 30:8 (September 1999): 71-74.

"Webcats and Checklists: Some Cautionary Notes." Information Technology and Libraries 18:2 (June 1999): 100-103.

"Bits Is Bits: Pitfalls in Digital Reformatting." American Libraries 30:5 (May 1999): 47-49.

"Library Space: The Next Frontier?" Online 23:1 (March/April 1999): 61-66.

PC Monitor in Online 23 (1999): three columns.

CD-ROM Corner in Database 22 (1999): six columns.

Crawford's Corner in Library Hi Tech News 16 (1999): Ten pages in each of ten issues.

"The Card Catalog and Other Digital Controversies." American Libraries 30:1 (January 1999): 52-58.

"Millennial Librarianship: Maintaining the Mix and Avoiding the Hype." In Change and Continuity in Librarianship: Approaching the Twenty-first Century; Proceedings of the 40th Military Librarians Workshop. Annapolis, MD: U.S. Naval Academy, 1998.

"Uncommon Knowledge: Mythbreaking for the Future." In Finding Common Ground: Creating the Library of the Future Without Diminishing the Library of the Past, ed. Cheryl LaGuardia and Barbara A. Mitchell, (New York: Neal-Schuman, 1998): 16-24.

"The Danger of the Digital Library." The Electronic Library 16:1 (February 1998): 28-30.

CD-ROM Corner in Database 21 (1998): six columns.

Crawford's Corner in Library Hi Tech News 15 (1998): eight to ten pages in each of ten issues.

Trailing Edge and Comp Lit: PC Articles Worth Noting in Library Hi Tech 16 (1998): six articles.

PC-related articles in Online 22 (1998): three articles.

"Paper Persists: Why Physical Library Collections Still Matter." Online 22:1 (January/February 1998): 42-48. Also posted on Online’s Web site: www.onlineinc.com/onlinemag.

"Millennial Librarianship: Coping with Complexity." Simmons Review 79:2 (Fall 1997): 12-14.

PC-related articles in Online 21 (1997): four articles.

Trailing Edge and Comp Lit: PC Articles Worth Noting in Library Hi Tech 15 (1997): four articles.

CD-ROM Corner in Database 20 (1997): six columns.

Trailing Edge Notes in Library Hi Tech News 14 (1997): six pages in each of ten issues.

"I Heard It through the Internet." In Computerization and Controversy: Value Conflicts and Social Choices, Rob King, ed. (San Diego: Academic Press, 1996): 594-596.

"Developing Eureka: Rapid Access to Very Large Databases." Information Technology and Libraries 15:1 (March 1996): 9-19.

PC-related articles in Online 20 (1996): four articles.

Trailing Edge and Comp Lit: PC Articles Worth Noting in Library Hi Tech 14 (1996): four articles.

Trailing Edge Notes in Library Hi Tech News 13 (1996): six pages in each of ten issues.

The CD-ROM Amateur in CD-ROM Professional 9 (1996): six columns.

"& In Edition: Moving Toward Extended Libraries: Sensible Futures." North Carolina Libraries 53:4 (Winter 1995): 162-171.

PC-related articles in Online 19 (1995): four articles.

The CD-ROM Amateur in CD-ROM Professional 8 (1995): three columns.

The Trailing Edge in Library Hi Tech 13 (1995): four articles.

Trailing Edge Notes in Library Hi Tech News 12 (1995): six pages in each of nine issues.

"Libraries With and Without Walls." Tennessee Librarian 46, no. 3 (Summer 1994): 5-30.

The Trailing Edge and Looking Back in Library Hi Tech 12 (1994): five articles.

"Dreams, Devices, Niches, and Edges: Coping with the Changing Landscape of Information Technology." Public-Access Computer Systems Review 4 (1993): 134-150. (Electronic journal; paper version published November 1994.)

The Trailing Edge and Looking Back in Library Hi Tech 11 (1993): six articles.

"Cost-Effective Computing: Making the Most of Your PC Dollars." Online July 1992: 27-30.

The Trailing Edge in Library Hi Tech 10 (1992): three articles.

"Starting Over: Current Issues in Online Catalog User Interface Design." Information Technology and Libraries 11, no. 1 (June 1992): 62-76.

"Desktop Publishing Choices: Making an Appropriate Decision." Information Technology and Libraries 10, no. 4 (December 1991): 311-316.

"Problems and Dangers of Standards." In A Sourcebook of Standards Information: Education, Access and Development. Stephen M. Spivak and Keith A. Winsell, eds. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1991: 279-289.

The Trailing Edge in Library Hi Tech 9 (1991): four articles.

"The Medieval and Early Modern Data Bank: Twentieth-Century Technology for Thirteenth-Century Data." In Convergence: Proceedings of the Second LITA National Conference, edited by Michael Gorman: 208-215. Chicago: American Library Association, 1990.

"Un-Standards: Technical Standards That Fail." In Library and Information Technology Standards, edited by Michael Gorman: 79-90. LITA Monographs 1. Chicago: Library and Information Technology Association, 1990.

"Information Standards in 1989." In The Bowker Annual 1990-91: 57-61. New York: R.R. Bowker, 1990.

The Trailing Edge in Library Hi Tech 8 (1990): three articles.

"Technical Standards: A Common Ground." The Bookmark (New York State Library) 47, no. 3 (Spring 1989): 166-167.

The Trailing Edge in Library Hi Tech 7 (1989): four articles.

"Standards, Innovation and Optical Media." Laserdisk Professional (January 1989): 31-38.

"Future Directions in Standardization." Book Research Quarterly 4, no. 3 (Fall 1988): 66-73. Reprinted in A Sourcebook of Standards Information: Education, Access and Development, Stephen M. Spivak and Keith A. Winsell, eds., Boston: G.K. Hall, 1991: 269-277.

"The Online Catalog in the Real World: Making the Necessary Compromises." In Design and Evaluation of Computer/Human Interfaces: Issues for Librarians and Information Scientists, Martin A. Siegel, ed., Urbana-Champaign: University of Illinois, 1991: 118-138.

"Desktop Typesetting and the LITA Newsletter." Information Technology and Libraries 6, no. 2 (June 1987): 89-101.

"Testing Bibliographic Displays for Online Catalogs." Information Technology and Libraries 6, no. 1 (March 1987): 20-33.

"Desktop Publishing and the LITA Newsletter—The Trailing Edge of Desktop Publishing." Electronic Publishing Business 5, no. 1 (January 1987): 4-7.

"VDT Checklist: Another Look at Terminals." In Managing Online Reference Services, edited by Ethel Auster, 257-273. New York: Neal-Schuman, 1986. Originally appeared in Information Technology and Libraries 3, no. 4 (December 1984): 343-353.

"The Numbers Game: The Curious Family of Standard Numbers." Journal of Educational Media & Library Sciences 23, no. 4 (Summer 1986): 333-347.

"The RLIN Command Analysis System: Measuring Use and Performance of an Online System." Information Technology and Libraries 4, no. 1 (March 1985): 29-51.

Common Sense Personal Computing in Library Hi Tech 2-6 (1984-1988): sixteen articles.

"RLIN Product Batch: Fundamental Design Concepts." Information Technology and Libraries 3, no. 2 (June 1984): 131-143.

"The RLIN Reports System: A Tool for MARC Selection and Listing." Information Technology and Libraries 3, no. 1 (March 1984): 3-14.

"Long Searches, Slow Response: Recent Experience on RLIN." Information Technology and Libraries 2, no. 2 (June 1983): 176-182.

"Library Automation: Just a Business?" RTSD Newsletter 8, no. 3 (May/June 1983): 32-35.

"Library Standards for Data Structures and Element Identification: U.S. MARC in Theory and Practice." Library Trends 31, no. 2 (Fall 1982): 265-281.

"CRT Terminal Checklist." Journal of Library Automation 13, no. 1 (March 1980): 36-44.

"The Sources of Disharmony." (with Micki Jo Young) Journal of Library Automation 12, no. 4 (December 1979): 366-369.

"Building a Serials Key Word Index." Journal of Library Automation 9, no. 1 (March 1976): 34-47.

Editorials, Brief Columns and Minor Publications (selected)

"DVD Take Two: Cautions and Enthusiasms." Sights & Sounds 11:11 (November 2000): p. 3.

"ILL: Peering into the Future." Guest editorial for theme section on ILL. American Libraries 31:10 (November 2000): p. 35.

Public Access Provocations: twelve columns in Public-Access Computer Systems Review 1-5 (1990-1994).

Editorials and President's Column: 26 editorials in LITA Newsletter 1986-1994.

Editor's Notebook: 12 editorials in Information Standards Quarterly 1-2 (1989-1990)

"Afterword: Putting It On Paper." Public-Access Computer Systems Review 1 (1990): 216-219. (Appears only in the paperback print annual published by LITA [Chicago], 1992.)

Book Reviews

Review of Tapscott, Don, The Digital Economy: Promise and Peril in the Age of Networked Intelligence. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1996. Journal of Academic Librarianship September 1996: 397.

Review of Musmann, Klaus J., Technological Innovations in Libraries, 1860-1960: An Anecdotal History. Westport, Conn: Greenwood, 1993. College & Research Libraries May 1994: 271-272.

Review of Exchanging Bibliographic Data: MARC and Other International Formats, by Ellen Gredley and Alan Hopkinson. Library Quarterly July 1991.

Review of HyperSource on Optical Technologies, by Ching-chih Chen. CD-ROM Professional (January 1991): 89-90.

Review of A Guide to Standards, by Albert L. Batik. Information Standards Quarterly 2, no. 3 (July 1990): 9-10.

Review of Implementing the Automated Library System, by John Corbin. Library Resources & Technical Services 33, no. 3 (July 1989): 314, 316.

Review of Desktop Publishing/Typesetting, by Wiley Westerfield. Information Technology and Libraries 7, no. 2 (June 1988): 210.

Review of The Illustrated Handbook of Desktop Publishing and Typesetting, by Michael L. Kleper. Information Technology and Libraries 7, no. 2 (June 1988): 209-210.

Review of Videotex and Teletext: New Online Sources for Libraries, by Michael B. Binder. Information Technology and Libraries 5, no. 2 (June 1986): 165-166.

Review of Librarian in Search of a Publisher, by Brian Alley and Jennifer Cargill. RTSD Newsletter 11, no. 5 (1986): 50.

Feature review of The Librarian’s Guide to Microcomputer Technology and Applications, by Larry A. Woods and Nolan F. Pope, and Microcomputers for Libraries: Product Review and Procurement Guide, by James E. Rush. Library Hi Tech 2, no. 2 (1984): 83-88.


B.A., Rhetoric, 1968, University of California, Berkeley.


One year course work toward M.A. in Rhetoric, 1968-1969.

Updated May 2, 2013